0
0

Chapter 5. Classification of Psychiatric Disorders

Mina K. Dulcan, M.D.
DOI: 10.1176/appi.books.9781585623921.452461

Sections

Excerpt

An ideal system of diagnostic classification implies etiology of disorders, predicts their course and prognosis, determines treatment, serves as a means of efficient communication for clinical and administrative purposes, and defines homogeneous groups of patients for treatment or research. To the extent possible, a system of classification should be based on observable and measurable characteristics and empirical research, and it should have been demonstrated to be reliable and valid in both clinical and epidemiological samples. For children and adolescents, a diagnostic system should have been tested with youth for reliability and validity and be constructed to be developmentally appropriate and allow for changes over the course of development in both the characteristics of the disorders and the symptoms shown by individual children and adolescents. The American Psychiatric Association Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM) system has undergone repeated changes in diagnostic categories and criteria as the use of each version for clinical care and research led to new knowledge that was incorporated into the next version. (See First et al. 2004 for more discussion of the principles and history of the successive versions of DSM.)

Your session has timed out. Please sign back in to continue.
Sign In Your Session has timed out. Please sign back in to continue.
Sign In to Access Full Content
 
Username
Password
Sign in via Athens (What is this?)
Athens is a service for single sign-on which enables access to all of an institution's subscriptions on- or off-site.
Not a subscriber?

Subscribe Now/Learn More

PsychiatryOnline subscription options offer access to the DSM-5 library, books, journals, CME, and patient resources. This all-in-one virtual library provides psychiatrists and mental health professionals with key resources for diagnosis, treatment, research, and professional development.

Need more help? PsychiatryOnline Customer Service may be reached by emailing PsychiatryOnline@psych.org or by calling 800-368-5777 (in the U.S.) or 703-907-7322 (outside the U.S.).

Table Reference Number
TABLE 5–1. DSM-IV Axis IV psychosocial and environment problems

References

American Academy of Pediatrics: The Classification of Child and Adolescent Mental Diagnoses in Primary Care: Diagnostic and Statistical Manual for Primary Care (DSM-PC), Child and Adolescent Version. Chicago, IL, American Academy of Pediatrics, 1996
 
American Psychiatric Association: Diagnostic and Statistical Manual: Mental Disorders. Washington, DC, American Psychiatric Association, 1952
 
American Psychiatric Association: Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 2nd Edition. Washington, DC, American Psychiatric Association, 1968
 
American Psychiatric Association: Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 3rd Edition. Washington, DC, American Psychiatric Association, 1980
 
American Psychiatric Association: Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 3rd Edition, Revised. Washington, DC, American Psychiatric Association, 1987
 
American Psychiatric Association: Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 4th Edition. Washington, DC, American Psychiatric Association, 1994
 
American Psychiatric Association: Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 4th Edition, Text Revision. Washington, DC, American Psychiatric Association, 2000
 
First MB, Frances A, Pincus HA: DSM-IV-TR Guidebook. Washington, DC, American Psychiatric Publishing, 2004
 
Group for the Advancement of Psychiatry: Psychopathological Disorders in Childhood: Theoretical Considerations and a Proposed Classification, Vol 6. New York, Group for the Advancement of Psychiatry, 1966
 
Kanner L: Child Psychiatry. Baltimore, MD, Charles C Thomas, 1935
 
Kanner L: Child Psychiatry, 3rd Edition. Baltimore, MD, Charles C Thomas, 1957
 
Kupfer DJ, First MB, Regier DA: A Research Agenda for DSM-V. Washington, DC, American Psychiatric Publishing, 2002
 
Task Force on Research Diagnostic Criteria: Infancy Preschool: Research Diagnostic Criteria for Infants and Preschool Children: The process and empirical support. J Am Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry 42:1504–1512, 2003
 
World Health Organization: International Classification of Diseases, 8th Revision. Geneva, Switzerland, World Health Organization, 1969
 
World Health Organization: International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems, 10th Revision. Geneva, Switzerland, World Health Organization, 1992
 
Zero to Three/National Center for Clinical Infant Programs Diagnostic Classification Task Force: Diagnostic Classification of Mental Health and Developmental Disorders of Infancy and Early Childhood. Arlington, VA, The Zero to Three/National Center for Clinical Infant Programs, 1994
 
Zero to Three: Diagnostic Classification of Mental Health and Developmental Disorders of Infancy and Early Childhood, Revised (DC:0–3R). Arlington, VA, The Zero to Three/National Center for Clinical Infant Programs, 2005
 
+

CME Activity

Add a subscription to complete this activity and earn CME credit.
Sample questions:
1.
DSM-I (American Psychiatric Association 1952) categories relating specifically to childhood or adolescence included all of the following except
2.
All of the following statements regarding DSM-II (American Psychiatric Association 1968) are correct except
3.
All of the following statements regarding DSM-III (American Psychiatric Association 1980) are correct except
NOTE:
Citing articles are presented as examples only. In non-demo SCM6 implementation, integration with CrossRef’s "Cited By" API will populate this tab (http://www.crossref.org/citedby.html).
Related Content
Articles
Books
Gabbard's Treatments of Psychiatric Disorders, 4th Edition > Chapter 8.  >
Gabbard's Treatments of Psychiatric Disorders, 4th Edition > Chapter 45.  >
Topic Collections
Psychiatric News
PubMed Articles
 
  • Print
  • PDF
  • E-mail
  • Chapter Alerts
  • Get Citation