Prevention of Substance Abuse: Introduction | Taxonomies of Prevention | School-Based, Curriculum-Driven Prevention | Media-Based Prevention | Community-Based Coalitions | Conclusion | Key Points | References | Suggested Reading
Prevention is usually thought of as relevant
primarily for children and youths, not adults. For every drug, several
potential targets exist in trajectories of drug use for prevention activities.
These include 1) initiation; 2) continuation; 3) progression within
a drug class to more extensive, intensive use patterns; 4) progression
across drug classes; 5) progression to dependence; 6) regression
to cessation; and 7) lapse and relapse. The preponderance of research
on substance abuse prevention to date has focused on two targets:
1) attempts to reduce the likelihood of initiation (or at least
delay onset) and prevalence of use among youths and 2) reducing
the likelihood of relapse among adult drug abusers. In this chapter,
we concentrate on primarily youth-focused prevention.