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Chapter 21. Gender Dysphoria

Judith Becker, Ph.D.; Andrew Perkins, M.A.
DOI: 10.1176/appi.books.9781585625031.939093

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Gender and sexuality are core aspects of the human experience. Consequently, medical students and students of psychiatry should be informed and conversant about such issues as normative sexual development, gender roles, gender identity, and sexual orientation. Given the complexity of this area, it is important to start with several definitions. Gender identity is an individual’s perception and self-awareness of being male or female. Gender role is the behavior (usually culturally defined) in which an individual engages that identifies him or her to others as being male or female. Sexual orientation “refers to erotic attraction to males, females, or both” (American Psychiatric Association 2000a, p. 535). Table 21–1 provides definitions of core concepts relevant to this chapter’s topic.

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Definitions of core concepts

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