Indications | Pharmacological Effects | Subclasses | Dosage and Administration | Withdrawal | Side Effects | Overdose
In addition to anxiety, benzodiazepines are indicated for
muscle tension, insomnia, status epilepticus (diazepam), myoclonic
epilepsy (clonazepam), preoperative anesthesia, and alcohol withdrawal.
One benzodiazepine, the triazolobenzodiazepine alprazolam, is also
indicated for anxiety associated with depression (as is lorazepam),
and some studies have shown that alprazolam also parallels imipramine
and phenelzine in having both antipanic and antidepressant properties
(see Chapter 3: "Antidepressants"). Clonazepam
is also approved in the treatment of panic disorder, and it is likely
that all benzodiazepines are effective in the treatment of panic
if given at high enough doses.