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Definition, Clinical Description, and Diagnosis

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The AAMR/AAIDD has been responsible for defining intellectual disability and providing diagnostic criteria since 1921. The 2002 definition describes five key assumptions essential to the application of the definition, including consideration of the individual's environment, diverse factors that affect valid assessment of strengths and challenges, the coexistence of strengths, and identification of needed supports to improve life functioning. The following is the proposed classification system for individuals with intellectual disabilities (American Association on Mental Retardation 1992, 2002):

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Table Reference Number
TABLE 12–1. Summary of DSM-IV-TR diagnostic criteria and severity classifications for mental retardation

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