Attachment | Temperament | Genetic and Environmental Factors | Parental Anxiety | Parenting Style
Attachment theory suggests that the predisposition to anxiety
can be exacerbated or alleviated by the type of attachment between
mother and child (Manassis and Bradley 1994). Insecure
mother-infant attachment has been shown to specifically predict
separation anxiety in children. In a prospective, longitudinal study
of 99 mother-child dyads (beginning when the child was 1 month old),
attachment pattern, maternal sensitivity, and maternal separation
anxiety were evaluated (Dallaire and Weinraub 2005).
Insecurely attached children exhibited significantly more symptoms
of SAD at age 6 years when compared to securely attached children.
Regression analysis demonstrated that mother-child attachment pattern
and maternal sensitivity each contributed uniquely to the prediction
of children's separation anxiety at 6 years but that maternal
separation anxiety did not.