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voiding of urine into bed or clothes (whether involuntary or intentional).
B. The behavior
is clinically significant as manifested by either a frequency of
twice a week for at least 3 consecutive months or the presence of
clinically significant distress or impairment in social, academic (occupational),
or other important areas of functioning.
age is at least 5 years (or equivalent developmental level).
D. The behavior
is not due exclusively to the direct physiological effect of a substance
(e.g., a diuretic) or a general medical condition (e.g., diabetes,
spina bifida, a seizure disorder).
from American Psychiatric Association: Diagnostic
and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 4th
Edition, Text Revision. Washington, DC, American Psychiatric Association,
2000, p. 121. Used with permission. Copyright © 2000 American
Urinary tract infection
Sickle cell trait
Genitourinary malformation or obstruction
Side effect of or idiosyncratic reaction to a medicationa
reports regarding selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors; be vigilant
for chronological correlations.
from Dulcan et al. 2003Dulcan et al. 2003.