Subscribe Now/Learn More
PsychiatryOnline subscription options offer access to the
DSM-5 library, books,
journals, CME, and patient resources. This all-in-one virtual library provides psychiatrists
and mental health professionals with key resources for diagnosis, treatment, research,
and professional development.
Need more help? PsychiatryOnline Customer Service may be reached by emailing PsychiatryOnline@psych.org
or by calling 800-368-5777 (in the U.S.) or 703-907-7322 (outside the U.S.).
attacks of refreshing sleep that occur daily over at least 3 months.
B. The presence
of one or both of the following:
(i.e., brief episodes of sudden bilateral loss of muscle tone, most
often in association with intense emotion)
intrusions of elements of rapid eye movement (REM) sleep into the transition
between sleep and wakefulness, as manifested by either hypnopompic or
hypnagogic hallucinations or sleep paralysis at the beginning or
end of sleep episodes
C. The disturbance
is not due to the direct physiological effects of a substance (e.g.,
a drug of abuse, a medication) or another general medical condition.
from American Psychiatric Association: Diagnostic
and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 4th
Edition, Text Revision. Washington, DC, American Psychiatric Association,
2000, p. 615. Used with permission. Copyright © 2000 American