Case Consultation | Systems Consultation
In the consultation model, clinicians advise school personnel
about appropriate educational and/or therapeutic approaches
to and/or services for students with developmental, cognitive,
emotional, behavioral, or social problems. The consultation may
be direct or indirect. In direct consultation, the clinician assesses the
student and suggests to school personnel appropriate interventions
that are typically provided by professionals other than the consultant.
In indirect consultation, the clinician does not assess the student but
rather assesses an issue (e.g., behavioral, social) articulated
by school personnel and makes general recommendations to school
personnel about resolving the problem. Because in this model the
clinician typically is paid by the school to provide consultative
services to school personnel, role, boundary, and confidentiality
issues must be clarified at the outset to protect all involved parties
and conform to federal, state, and local regulations.