0
0

Sections

Excerpt

The milieu of a school is a key factor influencing the desirability and effectiveness of mental health interventions. The milieu derives from several interrelated components (Brookover et al. 1979), including the sociodemographic composition of the student body and school personnel (social inputs); the size, structure, and processes of the school (social structure); and attitudinal characteristics, such as the norms, expectations, and feelings about the school shared by students and staff (social climate). The school climate literature supports several key components of a positive climate, including a supportive, welcoming atmosphere; respectful peer and adult relationships; a variety of learning experiences; high expectations for achievement and self-regulation; fair and effective discipline; participation in extracurricular activities; and parent/community involvement (Libbey 2004). Research suggests that the social climate of a school has a substantial impact on students' academic achievement that can surpass expectations based on social inputs or structure (Brookover et al. 1979). For example, schools with high expectations for student achievement and schoolwide recognition for academic success can be more effective than schools without this climate, especially in large schools with predominantly disadvantaged student populations. The social climate may affect mental health as well (Rutter et al. 1979); for example, high-conflict schools have been shown to produce an increase in the severity of externalizing symptoms in their students (Hoglund and Leadbeater 2004; Kasen et al. 1990).

Your session has timed out. Please sign back in to continue.
Sign In Your Session has timed out. Please sign back in to continue.
Sign In to Access Full Content
 
Username
Password
Sign in via Athens (What is this?)
Athens is a service for single sign-on which enables access to all of an institution's subscriptions on- or off-site.
Not a subscriber?

Subscribe Now/Learn More

PsychiatryOnline subscription options offer access to the DSM-5 library, books, journals, CME, and patient resources. This all-in-one virtual library provides psychiatrists and mental health professionals with key resources for diagnosis, treatment, research, and professional development.

Need more help? PsychiatryOnline Customer Service may be reached by emailing PsychiatryOnline@psych.org or by calling 800-368-5777 (in the U.S.) or 703-907-7322 (outside the U.S.).

References

NOTE:
Citing articles are presented as examples only. In non-demo SCM6 implementation, integration with CrossRef’s "Cited By" API will populate this tab (http://www.crossref.org/citedby.html).
Related Content
Articles
Books
The American Psychiatric Publishing Textbook of Psychiatry, 5th Edition > Chapter 36.  >
The American Psychiatric Publishing Textbook of Psychiatry, 5th Edition > Chapter 41.  >
The American Psychiatric Publishing Textbook of Psychiatry, 5th Edition > Chapter 43.  >
The American Psychiatric Publishing Textbook of Psychiatry, 5th Edition > Chapter 44.  >
Gabbard's Treatments of Psychiatric Disorders, 4th Edition > Chapter 1.  >
Psychiatric News
PubMed Articles
Last chance at grandchildren: a request for perimortem sperm harvesting. Hastings Cent Rep 2014 Jan-Feb;44(1):13.doi:10.1002/hast.249.
 
  • Print
  • PDF
  • E-mail
  • Chapter Alerts
  • Get Citation