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Concepts that refer to the storage and organization
of information (e.g., schemas, semantic network, meaning representation)
Concepts that focus on the content or information stored
in memory structures (e.g., ideas, beliefs, attitudes)
Processes responsible for operation of the information-processing
system (e.g., selective attention, encoding, retrieval)
End result or output from the operation of the information-processing
system (e.g., automatic thoughts, images, appraisals or interpretations)
Source. Kendall and Ingram 1989.
Drawing a specific conclusion in the absence of evidence
or when the evidence is contrary to the conclusion
Focusing on a detail out of context while ignoring other,
more salient features in the situation
Drawing a conclusion on the basis of one or more isolated
The tendency to classify experience in one of two extreme
categories, ignoring more moderate variations
The tendency to relate external events to oneself
Exaggerating (i.e., catastrophizing) or belittling
the significance or magnitude of an event
Source. A. T. Beck 1963; A. T. Beck et al. 1979; D. A. Clark et al. 1999.