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Establish an atmosphere of optimism and productivity.
Build group cohesiveness and culture.
Protection of boundaries
Ensure adherence to the contract and maintain respect
for boundaries to enhance group cohesion.
Intervene only when the group needs help to do its work.
Frame all comments with a desired modification in the
group process as a goal.
Group as the basic resource
Direct comments first and foremost to enhancing the
group interactions; individual interpretations are of secondary
Productive group norms
Enhance honesty, respect, industry, responsibility, and
Accept subgrouping (which will inevitably occur) on
issues rather than on individuals, and ensure that it is mutable
rather than fixed.
Process over content
Focus primarily on the productive flow of material
rather than on the material itself.
Level of intervention
Generally keep comments close to the psychological
Remember that the essence of the art of group therapy
Attend to termination
Allow the group to mourn losses.
from Yalom 1995.