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Note. DOPr = opioid
peptide receptor; KOPr = opioid peptide
receptor; MOPr = opioid
peptide receptor; NOPr = nociceptin/orphanin FQ
response to pain
systems including hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis
function including hypothalamic-pituitary-gonadal axis
Mood, affect; cognition
disrupted by chronic abuse of the short-acting opiate heroin.