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Community referrals (55.4%)
Criminal justice/Driving under the influence
Health care providers
Employer/Employee assistance program
Other community referrals
Other referrals (44.6%)
Substance abuse providers
from Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administation Office of Applied Studies 2006.
to identify at-risk alcohol use
of concern by the provider
application of motivational and cognitive-behavioral techniques
on moderate drinking levels
of informational materials
or four follow-up visits or phone calls
from Fleming and Manwell 1999.
sentencing with intensive probation
confinement with electronic monitoring
detention facilities with supervised alcohol treatment services
interlocks that record attempts to start the car with elevated breath
while intoxicated (DWI) courts
from National Association of State Judicial Educators 2003; National Highway Transportation Safety Administration and National Institute
on Alcohol Abuse and Addiction 2005.
supervision of structured community-based treatment
identification of defendants in need of treatment and referral to
treatment as soon as possible after arrest
status hearings before the judicial officer to monitor treatment
progress and program compliance
defendant accountability through a series of graduated sanctions
periodic drug testing
of aftercare and support services following treatment to facilitate
reentry into the community
of charges or reduction of sentence on successful treatment completion
from Belenko 1998 and National Center on Addiction and Substance Abuse at Columbia University 1998.