Treatment of Substance
Use Disorders | Medication-Assisted Treatment for Injection Drug
The treatment of substance use disorders is important to preventing
HIV and HCV and to the overall care of HIV- and HCV-infected patients.
Such treatment may require more flexibility than is customary in
traditional substance abuse programs (Sorensen et al. 2005).
For example, current guidelines recommend that substance abuse treatment
providers give consideration to HIV disease severity to maximize
retention of patients in treatment and thereby reduce public health
risks (Center for Substance Abuse Treatment 2000).
One of the major advantages of offering substance abuse treatment
to HIV- and HCV-infected persons is that it can increase the likelihood
of patients engaging in and adhering to medical treatment for HIV
or HCV, especially when an integrated treatment approach is applied.