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intercourse is the most common route of transmission, irrespective
of gender or sexual orientation.
Injection drug use: Sharing
unsterilized injection equipment is a very efficient means of transmitting
from mother to infant can occur during gestation, delivery, or breast-feeding.
Blood transfusion: In
the U.S., screening blood for HIV has reduced the risk by transfusion
to almost zero.
Cofactors that enhance transmission
presence of sexually transmitted diseases may cause genital lesions
or genital/mucous membrane bleeding during sexual activity.
use lowers sexual inhibitions, impairs judgment, and increases impulsivity.