Some research, predominantly conducted in primary care settings,
has examined the differences between specific interviewing approaches.
For example, approaches to enhancing reporting and recall of historical
information have been evaluated (229, 230). Additional studies have assessed
the effects of communication style and vocabulary on outcomes such as
patient satisfaction (231–236). The development of new
evaluation strategies could help strengthen psychiatric interviewing
approaches. In addition, it will be important to expand such research
across different patient subgroups (e.g., according to age, gender,
sexual orientation, race, ethnicity, cultural background), to individuals
with psychiatric disorders, and to collaborative models of assessment
and care. Measures of outcomes will also need to be expanded to
include factors such as treatment adherence and the strength of
the therapeutic alliance. Furthermore, studies will need to assess
whether guideline-concordant approaches to assessment are associated
with improved outcomes in community-based patient samples (237).