Infants at birth are capable of generating several distinct emotions in response to sensory stimuli. Their primary emotions are joy, fear, anger, sadness, disgust, and surprise. These emotions are characterized both by their early appearance and by their attendant prototypic and universal facial expressions (M. Lewis and Brooks-Gunn 1979).

Your session has timed out. Please sign back in to continue.
Sign In Your Session has timed out. Please sign back in to continue.
Sign In to Access Full Content
Sign in via Athens (What is this?)
Athens is a service for single sign-on which enables access to all of an institution's subscriptions on- or off-site.
Not a subscriber?

Subscribe Now/Learn More

PsychiatryOnline subscription options offer access to the DSM-5 library, books, journals, CME, and patient resources. This all-in-one virtual library provides psychiatrists and mental health professionals with key resources for diagnosis, treatment, research, and professional development.

Need more help? PsychiatryOnline Customer Service may be reached by emailing PsychiatryOnline@psych.org or by calling 800-368-5777 (in the U.S.) or 703-907-7322 (outside the U.S.).


Citing articles are presented as examples only. In non-demo SCM6 implementation, integration with CrossRef’s "Cited By" API will populate this tab (http://www.crossref.org/citedby.html).
Related Content
Psychiatric News
PubMed Articles
Picturing the Wheatbelt: Exploring and Expressing Place Identity Through Photography. Am J Community Psychol 2014;():.doi:10.1007/s10464-014-9686-7.
[Perceptions of students and teachers about clinical medicine learning]. Rev Med Chil 2014;142(6):723-31.doi:10.4067/S0034-98872014000600006.
  • Print
  • PDF
  • E-mail
  • Chapter Alerts
  • Get Citation