While Kanner was describing early infantile autism in the United States, Asperger reported on a series of patients who demonstrated similar presentations. Similar to those with Kanner's infantile autism, these boys demonstrated poor social understanding and skills, intense special interests, and clumsiness but lacked language delay. Asperger referred to these patients as "little professors" (Asperger 1944/1991). The diagnosis of Asperger's disorder came to increased prominence (especially in the United States) during the 1980s. The clinical picture of individuals with Asperger's disorder is notable for the lack of intellectual disability, but as with autistic disorder, variable presentations are common (Table 21–15). The differentiation of Asperger's disorder from autism (especially in individuals with normal intelligence) can be quite difficult, and controversy exists as to whether Asperger's disorder represents a PDD subtype or the highest-functioning portion of an autistic disorder spectrum (South et al. 2005).

Your session has timed out. Please sign back in to continue.
Sign In Your Session has timed out. Please sign back in to continue.
Sign In to Access Full Content
Sign in via Athens (What is this?)
Athens is a service for single sign-on which enables access to all of an institution's subscriptions on- or off-site.
Not a subscriber?

Subscribe Now/Learn More

PsychiatryOnline subscription options offer access to the DSM-5 library, books, journals, CME, and patient resources. This all-in-one virtual library provides psychiatrists and mental health professionals with key resources for diagnosis, treatment, research, and professional development.

Need more help? PsychiatryOnline Customer Service may be reached by emailing PsychiatryOnline@psych.org or by calling 800-368-5777 (in the U.S.) or 703-907-7322 (outside the U.S.).

Table Reference Number
TABLE 21–15. DSM-IV-TR diagnostic criteria for Asperger's disorder


Citing articles are presented as examples only. In non-demo SCM6 implementation, integration with CrossRef’s "Cited By" API will populate this tab (http://www.crossref.org/citedby.html).
Related Content
Psychiatric News
PubMed Articles
[In Process Citation]. Praxis (Bern 1994) 2014;103(20):1191-6.
Asperger syndrome in males over two decades: stability and predictors of diagnosis. J Child Psychol Psychiatry Published online Oct 4, 2014.;
  • Print
  • PDF
  • E-mail
  • Chapter Alerts
  • Get Citation