0
0

Sections

Excerpt

Narcolepsy is a syndrome characterized by profound excessive daytime sleepiness (EDS), which often occurs in association with cataplexy, hypnagogic or hypnopompic hallucinations, sleep paralysis, automatic behavior, and disrupted nocturnal sleep (American Academy of Sleep Medicine 2005). It is subdivided into two types: narcolepsy with cataplexy and narcolepsy without cataplexy. EDS is manifest as an increased propensity to fall asleep in relaxed or sedentary situations or a struggle to avoid sleeping in these situations. EDS may be so severe as to be irresistible, leading to sleep in inappropriate or dangerous situations. Brief naps temporarily relieve the sleepiness in many patients. EDS can lead to related symptoms, including "automatic behavior" (behavior that the individual does not recall), irritability, and poor memory, concentration, and attention. The overall amount of sleep per 24 hours is not increased in narcolepsy. In fact, many patients report fragmented nocturnal sleep, suggesting that the underlying disorder is an inability to maintain any stable sleep–wake state (Guilleminault and Fromherz 2005).

Your session has timed out. Please sign back in to continue.
Sign In Your Session has timed out. Please sign back in to continue.
Sign In to Access Full Content
 
Username
Password
Sign in via Athens (What is this?)
Athens is a service for single sign-on which enables access to all of an institution's subscriptions on- or off-site.
Not a subscriber?

Subscribe Now/Learn More

PsychiatryOnline subscription options offer access to the DSM-5 library, books, journals, CME, and patient resources. This all-in-one virtual library provides psychiatrists and mental health professionals with key resources for diagnosis, treatment, research, and professional development.

Need more help? PsychiatryOnline Customer Service may be reached by emailing PsychiatryOnline@psych.org or by calling 800-368-5777 (in the U.S.) or 703-907-7322 (outside the U.S.).

Table Reference Number
TABLE 22–9. Common alerting agents for the treatment of excessive daytime sleepiness

References

NOTE:
Citing articles are presented as examples only. In non-demo SCM6 implementation, integration with CrossRef’s "Cited By" API will populate this tab (http://www.crossref.org/citedby.html).
Related Content
Articles
Books
Gabbard's Treatments of Psychiatric Disorders, 4th Edition > Chapter 56.  >
Psychiatric News
Read more at Psychiatric News >>
PubMed Articles
 
  • Print
  • PDF
  • E-mail
  • Chapter Alerts
  • Get Citation