Scalp and Skull Lesions | Contusions and Lacerations | Intracranial Hemorrhages | Brain Injury Secondary to Raised Intracranial Pressure | Ischemia | Diffuse Traumatic Axonal Injury | Brain Swelling
The scalp and skull may be injured by contact injury. The
presence of scalp bruising is indicative of contact injury and in
some situations may provide clues to the possible intracranial pathology.
Occipital bruising is typically associated with a backward fall
and contrecoup contusions involving the frontal and temporal tips.
Incised wounds are usually insignificant and easily managed in the emergency
room, but in some cases they may be associated with blood loss,
hypotension, and associated brain injury.