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TBI is a heterogeneous disorder of major public health
Consequences of TBI can be lifelong.
Given the large toll of TBI and absence of cure, prevention
is of paramount importance.
Identification, intervention, and prevention of alcohol
abuse and violence provide an important opportunity to reduce TBI
and its effects.
Rehabilitation services, matched to the needs of persons
with TBI, and community-based nonmedical services are required to
optimize outcomes over the course of recovery.
Mild TBI is significantly underdiagnosed, and early
intervention is often neglected.
Persons with TBI, their families, and significant
others are integral to the design and implementation of the rehabilitation
process and research.
Public and private funding for rehabilitation of persons
with TBI should be adequate to meet acute and long-term needs.
Access to needed long-term rehabilitation may be jeopardized
by changes in payment methods for private insurance and public programs.
Increased understanding of the mechanisms of TBI and
recovery holds promise for new treatments.
Well-designed and controlled studies are needed to
evaluate benefits of different rehabilitation interventions.
Basic and common classification systems of TBI are
The evaluation of TBI interventions will require innovative
Funding for research on TBI needs to be increased.
from National Institutes of Health Consensus Development Panel on Rehabilitation of Persons With Traumatic Brain Injury 1999National Institutes of Health Consensus Development Panel on Rehabilitation of Persons With Traumatic Brain Injury 1999.