Supportive Therapy | Interpersonal Therapy
Supportive therapy has been applied to Cluster C disorders
in a short-term individual format (Rosenthal et al. 1999).
Although it was effective, the reported effects for the Inventory
of Interpersonal Problems were on the low side: effect size was
0.52 versus 0.91 for the mean of six studies (Perry and Sanlian 2002). Longer treatment durations have not been studied.
The aim of supportive therapy is to use the therapeutic relationship
to help the patient draw upon capabilities already available to
deal with his or her problems. The therapist emphasizes a good listening
relationship, respect, and empathy, relying on so-called supportive
techniques such as acknowledgment, questions, reflection, clarification,
and direct suggestions and even praise. These allow the patient
to reconstitute from crises and address issues using his or her
own best resources available. As such, the goals have generally
not been to foster extensive changes in personality functioning.