0
0

Chapter 29. Brief Psychotherapy

Mantosh Dewan, M.D.; Brett Steenbarger, Ph.D.; Roger Greenberg, Ph.D.
DOI: 10.1176/appi.books.9781585625031.911269

Sections

Excerpt

Brief psychotherapy refers to a class of treatments that seek to accelerate change through the active, focused interventions of therapists and enhanced patient involvement. Treatment is designed to be brief and is limited, somewhat arbitrarily, from the start to less than 6 months or less than 24 sessions. In the past several decades, various brief approaches to therapy have evolved, ranging from single-session treatments and several sessions of strategic interventions to short-term psychodynamic modalities that frequently exceed 20 sessions. At the same time, rigorously performed outcome studies of brief therapy have matched patients and presenting concerns likely to benefit from specific approaches. This has also led to the application of brief therapies to a wider range of patients, including targeted interventions for severe conditions. The overarching message from this research is that the value of short-term work is significant but also highly dependent on the characteristics of patients and their therapists.

Your session has timed out. Please sign back in to continue.
Sign In Your Session has timed out. Please sign back in to continue.
Sign In to Access Full Content
 
Username
Password
Sign in via Athens (What is this?)
Athens is a service for single sign-on which enables access to all of an institution's subscriptions on- or off-site.
Not a subscriber?

Subscribe Now/Learn More

PsychiatryOnline subscription options offer access to the DSM-5 library, books, journals, CME, and patient resources. This all-in-one virtual library provides psychiatrists and mental health professionals with key resources for diagnosis, treatment, research, and professional development.

Need more help? PsychiatryOnline Customer Service may be reached by emailing PsychiatryOnline@psych.org or by calling 800-368-5777 (in the U.S.) or 703-907-7322 (outside the U.S.).

Anchor for Jump
Differences between short-term psychodynamic and traditional therapies
Anchor for Jump
Differences between interpersonal therapy and short-term psychodynamic therapy
Anchor for Jump
Comparison of learning and relational models of brief therapy
Anchor for Jump
Differences between exposure and cognitive restructuring brief therapies
Anchor for Jump
Contextual models of brief therapy
Anchor for Jump
Differences between strategic and solution-focused brief therapies
Anchor for Jump
Structural elements common to the brief therapies
Anchor for Jump
Patient selection criteria predictive of success in brief therapy (DISCUS)

References

Abbass AA, Hancock JT, Henderson J, et al: Short term psychodynamic psychotherapies for common mental disorders. Cochrane Database Syst Rev ( 4):CD004687, 2006
[PubMed]
 
Alexander F, French TM: Psychoanalytic Therapy: Principles and Applications. New York, Ronald Press, 1946
 
Asay TP, Lambert MJ: The empirical case for the common factors in therapy: quantitative findings, in The Heart and Soul of Change: What Works in Therapy. Edited by Hubble MA, Duncan BL, Miller SD. Washington, DC, American Psychological Association, 1999, pp 33–56
 
Baldwin SA, Imel ZE: Therapist effects: findings and methods, in Bergin and Garfield’s Handbook of Psychotherapy and Behavior Change, 6th Edition. Edited by Lambert MJ. Hoboken, NJ, Wiley, 2013, pp 258–297
 
Barlow D: Anxiety and Its Disorders: The Nature and Treatment of Anxiety and Panic, 2nd Edition. New York, Guilford, 2002
 
Baucom DH, Epstein NB, Sullivan LJ: Brief couple therapy, in The Art and Science of Brief Psychotherapies: An Illustrated Guide, 2nd Edition. Edited by Dewan MJ, Steenbarger BN, Greenberg RP. Washington, DC, American Psychiatric Publishing, 2012, pp 239–276
 
Beck AT: Cognitive Therapy and the Emotional Disorders. New York, International Universities Press, 1976
 
Beck AT, Freedman A, Davis D, et al: Cognitive Therapy of Personality Disorders, 2nd Edition. New York, Guilford, 2004
 
Beck JS: Cognitive Therapy: Basics and Beyond. New York, Guilford, 1995
 
Beck JS, Bieling PJ, Grant VV: Cognitive therapy, in The Art and Science of Brief Psychotherapies: An Illustrated Guide, 2nd Edition. Edited by Dewan MJ, Steenbarger BN, Greenberg RP. Washington, DC, American Psychiatric Publishing, 2012, pp 45–81
 
Beutler LE, Malik M, Alimohamed S, et al: Therapist variables, in Bergin and Garfield’s Handbook of Psychotherapy and Behavior Change, 5th Edition. Edited by Lambert MJ. New York, Wiley, 2004, pp 227–306
 
Binder JL: Key Competencies in Brief Dynamic Psychotherapy: Clinical Practice Beyond the Manual. New York, Guilford, 2010
 
Binder JL, Strupp HH: The Vanderbilt approach to time-limited dynamic psychotherapy, in Handbook of Short-Term Dynamic Psychotherapy. Edited by Crits-Christoph P, Barber JP. New York, Basic Books, 1991, pp 137–165
 
Breuer J, Freud S: Studies in hysteria (1893–1895), in The Standard Edition of the Complete Psychological Works of Sigmund Freud, Vol 2. Translated and edited by Strachey J (in collaboration with Freud A). London, Hogarth, 1955, pp 1–311
 
Budman SH, Gurman AS: Theory and Practice of Brief Therapy. New York, Guilford, 1988
 
Clarkin JF, Levy KN: The influence of client variables on psychotherapy, in Bergin and Garfield’s Handbook of Psychotherapy and Behavior Change, 5th Edition. Edited by Lambert MJ. New York, Wiley, 2004, pp 194–226
 
Crits-Christoph P, Gibbons MBC, Mukherjee D: Psychotherapy process-outcome research, in Bergin and Garfield’s Handbook of Psychotherapy and Behavior Change, 6th Edition. Edited by Lambert MJ. Hoboken, NJ, Wiley, 2013, pp 298–340
 
Cuipjers P, van Sraten A, Andersson G, et al: Psychotherapy for depression in adults: a meta-analysis of comparative outcome studies. J Consult Clin Psychol 76:909–922, 2008
[PubMed]
 
Cummings N, Sayama M: Focused Psychotherapy: A Casebook of Brief, Intermittent Psychotherapy Throughout the Life Cycle. New York, Brunner/Mazel, 1995
 
Davanloo H: Short-Term Dynamic Psychotherapy. New York, Jason Aronson, 1980
 
de Shazer S: Clues: Investigating Solutions in Brief Therapy. New York, WW Norton, 1988
 
Dewan MJ, Steenbarger BN, Greenberg RP (eds): The Art and Science of Brief Psychotherapies: An Illustrated Guide, 2nd Edition. Washington, DC, American Psychiatric Publishing, 2012
 
Eisenstein S, Levy NA, Marmor J: The Dyadic Transaction: An Investigation Into the Nature of the Psychotherapeutic Process. New Brunswick, NJ, Transaction, 1994
 
Ellis A: Reason and Emotion in Psychotherapy. New York, Lyle Stuart, 1962
 
Erickson M, Haley J: Advanced Techniques of Hypnosis and Therapy: Selected Papers of Milton Erickson, M.D.New York, Grune & Stratton, 1967
 
Fisch R, Weakland JH, Segal L: The Tactics of Change. San Francisco, CA, Jossey-Bass, 1982
 
Fisher S, Greenberg RP: The Scientific Credibility of Freud’s Theories and Therapy. New York, Columbia University Press, 1985
 
Fisher S, Greenberg RP: Freud Scientifically Reappraised: Testing the Theories and Therapy. New York, Wiley, 1996
 
Gillihan SJ, Hembree EA, Foa EB: Behavior therapy: exposure therapy for anxiety disorders, in The Art and Science of Brief Psychotherapies: An Illustrated Guide, 2nd Edition. Edited by Dewan MJ, Steenbarger BN, Greenberg RP. Washington, DC, American Psychiatric Publishing, 2012, pp 83–120
 
Gingerich WJ, Eisengart S: Solution-focused brief therapy: a review of the outcome research. Fam Process 39(4):477–498, 2000
[PubMed]
 
Greenberg RP: Essential ingredients for successful psychotherapy: effect of common factors, in The Art and Science of Brief Psychotherapies: An Illustrated Guide, 2nd Edition. Edited by Dewan MJ, Steenbarger BN, Greenberg RP. Washington, DC, American Psychiatric Publishing, 2012, pp 15–25
 
Greenberg RP, Constantino MJ, Bruce N: Are patient expectations still relevant for psychotherapy process and outcome? Clin Psychol Rev 26:657–678, 2006
[PubMed]
 
Haley J: Strategies of Psychotherapy, 2nd Edition. New York, Grune & Stratton, 1963
 
Haley J: Problem-Solving Therapy. San Francisco, CA, Jossey-Bass, 1976
 
Hollon SD, Beck AT: Cognitive and cognitive-behavioral therapies, in Bergin and Garfield’s Handbook of Psychotherapy and Behavior Change, 5th Edition. Edited by Lambert MJ. New York, Wiley, 2004, pp 447–492
 
Howard KI, Kopta SM, Krause MJ, et al: The dose-effect relationship in psychotherapy. Am Psychol 41:159–164, 1986
[PubMed]
 
Hoyt MF, Rosenbaum R, Tal-mon M: Planned single-session therapy, in The First Session in Brief Therapy. Edited by Budman SH, Hoyt MF, Friedman S. New York, Guilford, 1992, pp 59–86
 
Huppert JD, Fabbro A, Barlow DH: Evidence-based practice and psychological treatments, in Evidence-Based Psychotherapy: Where Practice and Research Meet. Edited by Goodheart CD, Kazdin AE, Sternberg RJ. Washington, DC, American Psychological Association, 2006, pp 131–152
 
Lambert MJ: The efficacy and effectiveness of psychotherapy, in Bergin and Garfield’s Handbook of Psychotherapy and Behavior Change, 6th Edition. Edited by Lambert MJ. Hoboken, NJ, Wiley, 2013, pp 169–218
 
Lambert MJ, Archer A: Research findings on the effects of psychotherapy and their implications for practice, in Evidence-Based Psychotherapy: Where Practice and Research Meet. Edited by Goodheart CD, Kazdin AE, Sternberg RJ. Washington, DC, American Psychological Association, 2006, pp 111–130
 
Lambert MJ, Barley DE: Research summary on the therapeutic relationship and psychotherapy outcome, in Psychotherapy Relationships That Work: Therapist Contributions and Responsiveness to Patients. Edited by Norcross JC. New York, Oxford University Press, 2002, pp 17–36
 
Lambert MJ, Ogles BM: The efficacy and effectiveness of psychotherapy, in Bergin and Garfield’s Handbook of Psychotherapy and Behavior Change, 5th Edition. Edited by Lambert MJ. New York, Wiley, 2004, pp 139–193
 
Leichsenring F: Application of psychodynamic psychotherapy to specific disorders: efficacy and indications, in Textbook of Psychotherapeutic Treatments. Edited by Gabbard GO. Washington, DC, American Psychiatric Publishing, 2009, pp 97–132
 
Levenson H: Time-Limited Dynamic Psychotherapy: A Guide to Clinical Practice. New York, Basic Books, 1995
 
Levenson H: Time-limited dynamic psychotherapy: an integrative perspective, in The Art and Science of Brief Psychotherapies: An Illustrated Guide, 2nd Edition. Edited by Dewan MJ, Steenbarger BN, Greenberg RP. Washington, DC, American Psychiatric Publishing, 2012, pp 195–237
 
Levy RL, Shelton JL: Tasks in brief therapy, in Handbook of Brief Therapies. Edited by Wells RA, Giannetti VJ. New York, Plenum, 1990, pp 145–164
 
Linehan MM: Cognitive-Behavioral Treatment of Borderline Personality Disorder. New York, Guilford, 1993
 
Luborsky L, Mark D: Short-term supportive-expressive psychoanalytic psychotherapy, in Handbook of Short-Term Dynamic Psychotherapy. Edited by Crits-Christoph P, Barber JP. New York, Basic Books, 1991, pp 110–136
 
Malan DH: The Frontier of Brief Psychotherapy. New York, Plenum, 1976
 
Mann J: Time-Limited Psychotherapy. Cambridge, MA, Harvard University Press, 1973
 
Markowitz JC, Weissman MM: Applications of individual interpersonal psychotherapy to specific disorders, in Textbook of Psychotherapeutic Treatments. Edited by Gabbard GO. Washington, DC, American Psychiatric Publishing, 2009, pp 339–364
 
O’Hanlon W, Weiner-Davis J: In Search of Solution: A New Direction in Psychotherapy. New York, WW Norton, 1989
 
Prochaska JO, Norcross JC: Stages of change, in Psychotherapy Relationships That Work: Therapist Contributions and Responsiveness to Patients. Edited by Norcross JC. New York, Oxford University Press, 2002, pp 303–314
 
Quick EK: Doing What Works in Brief Psychotherapy, 2nd Edition. Burlington, MA, Elsevier, 2008
 
Ratner H, George E, Iveson C: Solution Focused Brief Therapy: 100 Key Points and Techniques. New York, Routledge, 2012
 
Reed GM, Eisman EJ: Uses and misuses of evidence: managed care, treatment guidelines, and outcomes measurement in professional practice, in Evidence-Based Psychotherapy: Where Practice and Research Meet. Edited by Goodheart CD, Kazdin AE, Sternberg RJ. Washington, DC, American Psychological Association, 2006, pp 13–36
 
Rosenbaum R: Strategic psychotherapy, in Handbook of the Brief Psychotherapies. Edited by Wells RA, Giannetti VJ. New York, Plenum, 1990, pp 351–404
 
Roth A, Fonagy P: What Works for Whom? A Critical Review of Psychotherapy Research, 2nd Edition. New York, Guilford, 2006
 
Shapiro F: Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing: Basic Principles, Protocols, and Procedures, 2nd Edition. New York, Guilford, 2001
 
Sifneos PE: Short-Term Psychotherapy and Emotional Crisis. Cambridge, MA, Harvard University Press, 1972
 
Skinner BF: About Behaviorism. New York, Random House, 1974
 
Steenbarger BN: Toward science-practice integration in brief counseling and therapy. Couns Psychol 20:403–450, 1992
[PubMed]
 
Steenbarger BN: Duration and outcome in psychotherapy: an integrative review. Prof Psychol Res Pr 25:111–119, 1994
[PubMed]
 
Steenbarger BN: Brief therapy, in Encyclopedia of Psychotherapy, Vol 1. Edited by Hersen M, Sledge W. New York, Elsevier, 2002, pp 349–358
 
Steenbarger BN: The importance of novelty in psychotherapy, in Clinical Strategies for Becoming a Master Psychotherapist. Edited by O’Donohue W, Cummings NA, Cummings JL. New York, Academic Press, 2006, pp 278–293
 
Steenbarger BN: Solution-focused brief therapy: doing what works, in The Art and Science of Brief Psychotherapies: An Illustrated Guide, 2nd Edition. Edited by Dewan MJ, Steenbarger BN, Greenberg RP. Washington, DC, American Psychiatric Publishing, 2012, pp 121–155
 
Stuart S: Interpersonal psychotherapy, in The Art and Science of Brief Psychotherapies: An Illustrated Guide, 2nd Edition. Edited by Dewan MJ, Steenbarger BN, Greenberg RP. Washington, DC, American Psychiatric Publishing, 2012, pp 157–193
 
Stuart S, Robertson M: Interpersonal Psychotherapy: A Clinician’s Guide, 2nd Edition. Boca Raton, FL, CRC Press, 2012
 
Thase ME, Jindal RD: Combining psychotherapy and psychopharmacology for treatment of mental disorders, in Bergin and Garfield’s Handbook of Psychotherapy and Behavior Change, 5th Edition. Edited by Lambert MJ. New York, Wiley, 2004, pp 743–766
 
Wallerstein RS: Forty-Lives in Treatment: A Study of Psychoanalysis and Psychotherapy. New York, Guilford, 1986
 
Wallerstein RS: The psychotherapy research project of the Menninger Foundation: an overview. J Consult Clin Psychol 57:195–205, 1989
[PubMed]
 
Walter JL, Peller JE: Becoming Solution-Focused in Brief Therapy. New York, Brunner/Mazel, 1992
 
Wampold BE: The Great Psychotherapy Debate: Models, Methods, and Findings. Mahwah, NJ, Erlbaum, 2001
 
Watzlawick P, Weakland H, Fisch R: Change: Principles of Problem Formation and Problem Resolution. New York, WW Norton, 1974
 
Weissman MM, Markowitz JW, Klerman GL: Comprehensive Guide to Interpersonal Psychotherapy. New York, Basic Books, 2000
 
Weissman MM, Markowitz JW, Klerman GL: Clinician’s Quick Guide to Interpersonal Psychotherapy. Oxford, UK, Oxford University Press, 2007
 
Wolpe J: Psychotherapy by Reciprocal Inhibition. Stanford, CA, Stanford University Press, 1958
 
Wright J, Sudak D, Turkington D, et al: High-Yield Cognitive-Behavior Therapy for Brief Sessions. Washington, DC, American Psychiatric Publishing, 2010
 
NOTE:
Citing articles are presented as examples only. In non-demo SCM6 implementation, integration with CrossRef’s "Cited By" API will populate this tab (http://www.crossref.org/citedby.html).
Related Content
Articles
Books
The American Psychiatric Publishing Textbook of Psychiatry, 5th Edition > Chapter 28.  >
Textbook of Psychotherapeutic Treatments > Chapter 3.  >
Topic Collections
Psychiatric News
PubMed Articles
 
  • Print
  • PDF
  • E-mail
  • Chapter Alerts
  • Get Citation