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Evolve chronologically as an aspect of maturation
in the psychological domain.
Evolve outside of voluntary control and
Produce external behaviors or certain ways
Are recognized by their systematic distortion
of those events that are known to have occurred, are occurring,
or are expected to occur.
Restore emotional self-regulation, allowing
an unpleasurable emotional state to no longer be consciously experienced.
Are the psychological counterparts of immune mechanisms
(e.g., just as people differ in their immune response to inoculation
with live bacilli, so they also differ in their defensive responses
to unpleasurable emotional states).