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Evaluation | Treatment Planning | Informed Consent | Confidentiality | Psychopharmacology | Somatic Treatments | Complementary and Alternative Treatments | Psychotherapy | Inpatient and Residential Treatment | Partial Hospitalization | Adjunctive Interventions | Integration of Multiple Modalities | Conclusion | References


In this chapter we focus on psychiatric treatment of children and adolescents and how it differs from treatment of adults. Expanding research has led to more specific empirically tested interventions for youth. Childhood psychopathology and disorder-specific treatments are discussed in Part II of this textbook (see, e.g., Chapter 9, “Neurodevelopmental Disorders”). Throughout this chapter, unless otherwise stated, the terms child and children include adolescents. Parent is used for the parent, guardian, or responsible adult. The goals of all treatments are to reduce symptoms, to improve emotional and behavioral functioning, to remedy skill deficits, and to remove obstacles to normal development. In contrast to the treatment of adults, a child is usually brought by someone else, and in each instance there are at least two persons, the parent and the child, whose perceptions of the problem and goals for treatment often conflict. Compared with adults, children have less control over their lives, and they are required to attend school.

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